The entrance to the arena is always at a working canter on the right lead.

The subsequent halt is marked according to the straightness and position from the entrance, the weight distribution over the hindquarters and the immobility of the horse.


The walk should be strong and purposeful. Hind hooves passing the print of the fore hooves.  The mosquera swinging rhythmically.


The circles at a walk and trot must have regularity of steps and correct curvature.


The half pass should have rhythm and balance with the forehand leading the bend in the direction of the movement.


The full pass is also made with the bend in the direction of the movement but with as little forward motion as possible.


Half pirouette (turn on the haunches) on a straight line without losing impulsion on the turn.  No rearward steps of the hind feet as they mark the rhythm in the smallest circle possible.  Head curved slightly in the direction of travel.


Reverse pirouette (turn on the forehand) on a straight line without losing impulsion on the turn. Forelegs marking the rhythm in the smallest circle possible with heads held slightly outwards.


Reinback should be made with true straightness and even diagonal steps.  A sense of lightness and readiness to either pause or move forward  is required.


Half pass at canter should be balanced and with the forequarters leading, bent in the direction of travel.


Flying changes should be straight and smooth.


Counter canter with the head slightly to the outside of the circle.  The movement should be even and balanced.


Rollbacks are executed from either a walk, canter or gallop. The horse should be straight and deep in the hindquarters as he stops to turn 180, leaving with impulsion and no loss of fluidity.


The ‘arrear’.

From either a stop or canter the horse sprints and gallops forward with great strength and power.  The neck should be allowed to extend and the rider show good control and communication as he collects and slows down sufficiently to make a clean 180 turn and gallops again in the opposite direction, repeating the collection and turn.


The fast stop should be made from the ‘arrear’, with straightness, balance and determination.  The hindquarters well underneath and no lifting or jerking of the head.